The Spanish Civil War was described as "dress rehearsal", because the bombing of Spanish cities by Nationalist rebels with the support of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, allowed them to test new weapons later used in World War II, like the He-111 and Do-17 bombers.
Particularly, gruesome was the bombing of Guernica, later depicted in Pablo Picasso´s painting because it was a military air force attack over civilians, which is considered as a war crime.
The Weimar Republic was Germany’s government from 1919 to 1933, the period after World War I until the rise of Nazi Germany. It was named after the town of Weimar where Germany’s new government was formed by a national assembly after Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated. From its uncertain beginnings to a brief season of success and then a devastating depression, the Weimar Republic experienced enough chaos to position Germany for the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
1. Axis --- Coalition of countries that opposed the Allied powers in World War II
2. Supress --- To subdue and limit the freedoms of people
3. Alliance --- A close association of countries
4. Mussolini --- Italian Fascist party leader during World War II
5. Economic collapse --- The financial panic and downfall of a country
6. Fascism --- Extreme totalitarian government run by a dictator and based on highly-emotional nationalism
7. Fasces --- Rods bound by straps, blade of an axe protrudes from the rods symbolizing unity and strength, used as a symbol for power and jurisdiction
8. Dictator --- A sole ruler of a nation; often cruel and abusive
1- In World War II, the Axis Powers were the belligerent side that fought against the Allies, being integrated and led by Germany, the Empire of Japan and the Kingdom of Italy, in addition to the help of other countries.
2- The suppression of rights is the situation by which the government removes fundamental rights to its citizens, without the legitimacy to do so.
3- An alliance is usually an agreement or pact between two or more countries, made in order to achieve objectives and interests beneficial to both.
4- Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician, military and journalist; President of the Council of Royal Ministers of Italy from 1922 to 1943 and Duce -guide- of the Italian Social Republic from 1943 until his execution. He brought to power the Fascist Party, and led a totalitarian regime during the period known as Italian Fascism of the Kingdom of Italy under the blessing of Victor Emmanuel III. In addition, he was the one who led Italy during the Second World War, as part of his imperialist plans in Europe and Africa.
5- Economic collapse is the phase of an economic cycle in which there is a period of scarcity in the production, marketing and consumption of products and services.
6- Fascism is an ideology, a political movement and a type of totalitarian and undemocratic state; created by the Italian leader Benito Mussolini, that spread in interwar Europe from 1918 to 1939.
7- The fasces were the union of 30 rods, tied in a ritual way with a red leather belt forming a cylinder that held a common axe.
8- A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders without party, little mass mobilization and limited political pluralism.
1. British prime minister in World War II --- Churchill
2. Russian premier in World War II --- Stalin
3. Italian fascist dictator in World War II --- Mussolini
4. German dictator in World War II --- Hitler
5. United States President in World War II --- Roosevelt
1- Winston Churchill was a British politician and Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955. Churchill is best known for his role as prime minister in World War II, but he was also a politician who served as a member of parliament for 62 years, a professional soldier who participated in the Boer War, and a Nobel Prize-winning author.
2- Iosif Stalin was the first Secretary-General of the Soviet Communist Party. After Vladimir Lenin died, Stalin gradually gained more and more power in the Soviet Union, and was, in effect, the supreme ruler of the country from the mid-1920s until he died in1953. Stalin is known as one of the most ruthless communist dictators in history.
3- Benito Mussolini was the Prime Minister of Italy and the founder and leader of the Fascist Party. Mussolini created the fascist state with state terror and propaganda. By charisma, total control of the media and the suspicion of political rivals, he broke down the democratic system of society and created a corporate state.
4- Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany and became Germany's Führer and chancellor. He founded the Third Reich in 1933, in an attempt to create a Greater Germany. He and his party had a clear policy of anti-Semitism that eventually led to an attempt to eliminate Jews completely from Europe.
5- Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a Democrat politician. He was the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 to 1945.
As president, Roosevelt made intensive use of the media to gain public opinion and explain his policies. His casual off the record style of press conferences and his popular fireside chats, "chats by the fire" on the radio before and during World War II, are examples of this. With the New Deal, he initiated a program against the social and economic consequences of the Great Depression.
1.alliancecoalition of countries that opposed the Allied powers in World War II2.Axisto subdue and limit the freedoms of people3.dictatora close association of countries4.economic collapseItalian Fascist party leader during World War II5.fascesthe financial panic and downfall of a country 6.fascismextreme totalitarian government run by a dictator and based on highly-emotional nationalism7. Mussolinirods bound by straps, blade of an axe protrudes from the rods symbolizing unity and strength, used as a symbol for power and jurisdiction8. suppressa sole ruler of a nation; often cruel and abusive
as France did not want a powerful state having control of all the passages of the Alps
I don't know the answer but I just took the test and it's not A.
The correct answer is C. It led to the decline of the Italian Fascists.